Fungi developing on dung samples, from a wide range of locations and incubated in moist chambers, were recorded. Highly significant differences were found. Animal dung, and especially that of herbivorous mammals, bears a large number of fungi that are adapted to their specialized substratum. Various adaptations. PDF | Fungi developing on dung samples, from a wide range of locations Occurrence of common coprophilous fungi on different dung types.

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All the contents fkngi this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. These records, although based on a very small number of samples, point to the high diversity of Brazilian coprophilic fungi. Eriobolussmooth to minutely verrucose, Cap with sphaerocysts and setules, the setules ampullate at the base, but not capitate.

Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. I am grateful to my son, Andrew, for translating the Portuguese summary. Stroma dark brown-blackish, thinly clavate, 8.

Coprophilous fungi – Wikipedia

The hardy spores of coprophilous species are unwittingly consumed by herbivores from vegetation, and are excreted along with the plant matter. Spores are biseriate, x Samples were rehydrated and fingi on 1 August on moist paper towelling in plastic boxes with lightly fitting transparent lids, under ambient light and at room temperature ca o C.

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This is the commonest Coprinus species developing on dung worldwide when incubated in moist chambers, and is characterised by its bright white veil of globose cells and small x From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Krug Macroscopically similar to S. Points of interest in these observations are the relative abundance of Saccobolus species in contrast to the scarcity of Ascobolusa ratio of 4.

Views Read Edit View history. Spores seriate, ellipsoid, hyaline, Saccobolussmooth or very minutely verrucose, truncate, Spores in a 4 x 2 arrangement when young sect. As such, some species have developed means of discharging spores a coprophllous distance.

Coprophilous fungi

This is the commonest, most widespread and most variable species of Saccobolus. De Toni Mature fruit bodies of this ‘bird’s nest fungus’ were present in the field.

Mycological Research, in press Van Brummelen, J. March 14, ; Accepted: Australian National Botanic Gardens. Clprophilous a visit to Brazil inseven samples of herbivore dung were collected from the Bonito and Pantanal do Rio Negro areas Matto Grosso do Sul and incubated, on return to the U.

Niessl One of a small group of species that has spores with four apical secondary appendages. The spores themselves survive digestion by being particularly thick-walled, allowing them to germinate in the dung with minimum competition from other organisms.

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This page was last edited on 5 Januaryat Coprophilous fungi dung-loving fungi [1] are a type of saprobic fungi that grow on animal dung.

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By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Spore mass x 9. Van Brummelen described S.

Coprophilous fungi from Brazil

The mean species richness of Samples were examined frequently, at intervals of a few days, with a x magnification stereomicroscope. Paraphyses with yellow contents. Details of the fungi found from the collection of samples are provided and discussed, together with some aspects of the diversity and species richness of the dung habitat in a small area of Brazil. Some spores had a single basal secondary appendage at the tip of the primary appendage, but other spores were seen with short secondary appendages that appeared to be attached laterally to the primary appendage.

Although not all coprophilous fungi produce mushrooms, there are many that do, particularly in the genera CoprinopsisPanaeolus and Deconica. Coprinus radiatus Bolton Fr. Selected material annotated M in the records below has been placed in the Herbarium of the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. Paraphyses with yellowish contents, very slightly clavate.

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