The inguinal ligament is a band running from the pubic tubercle to the anterior superior iliac spine. It forms the base of the inguinal canal through which an indirect inguinal hernia may develop. The inguinal canals are the two passages in the anterior abdominal wall which in males convey A hernia that exits the abdominal cavity directly through the deep layers of the abdominal wall, thereby bypassing the inguinal canal, is known. Inguinal Hernia: Anatomy and Management is intended for general surgeons and hernia specialists. The goal of this activity is to define current treatment.

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The triangle of pain is a triangular area located lateral to the dangerous triangle and bound by the iliopubic tract, the testicular vessels and the peritoneal fold.

A single-side repair of the myopectineal orifice can simultaneously and completely repair the site of anatomical weakness for inguinal, direct and femoral hernias.

Anatomy essentials for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair

The deep transverse fascia becomes a funnel-shaped structure that extends downward to cover the spermatic cord structures the vas deferens, the testicular vessels and the hernia sac of the oblique inguinal at the internal inguinal ring and becomes the internal spermatic fascia entering the inguinal canal. This approach is also the principle of adult laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair Figure 2. Note that the processus vaginalis normally regresses after the descent of the testes. Fruchaud, a French researcher, in This work was supported by the Shenzhen government funding for scientific and technical research and development JCYJ Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair is performed more and more nowadays because of its mini-invasive nature and demonstrated good results.

Views Read Edit View history. Herniw the left side the cavity of the tunica vaginalis has been opened; on the right side only the layers superficial to the Cremaster have been removed.


The inguinal ligament divides the myopectineal orifice into two regions: To help define the boundaries, these canals are often further approximated as boxes with six sides.

The medical ingujnalis on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. Separating between the inferior epigastric vessels and the deep transverse abdominal fascia is the only approach to correctly gain access to the space of Bogros Figure The sac is not anatoni with the coverings of the contents of the canal. During surgery, after the preperitoneal retropubic space is separated, care should be taken that the deep transverse abdominal fascia is tightly attached to the anterior abdominal wall at the site lateral to the inferior epigastric blood vessels when separating the space of Bogros Figure 7.

Otherwise, it is easy to accidentally damage the inferior epigastric vessels or pierce the peritoneum, which may cause difficulties while performing laparoscopic surgery or even require conversion to open surgery.

Ignuinalis structure demarcates the superior border of the femoral triangle. Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair is performed more and more nowadays. Most of the inferior epigastric arteries are branches of the external iliac arteries or veins. Anatomical terminology [ edit on Wikidata ].

Inguinal canal

Gray’s anatomy for students. The gubernaculum once it has shortened in the process of the descent of the testes becomes a small scrotal ligament, tethering the testes to the scrotum and limiting their movement. However, these abovementioned nerves can suffer major damage or entrapment when performing separation or fixation or when controlling bleeding, which may cause abnormal sensation in the nerve-innervated area, especially chronic neuropathic pain, and may even cause motor disorders in the lower extremity.

Inguinal ligament is labeled at bottom right. Abdominal contents potentially including intestine can be abnormally displaced from the abdominal cavity. Indirect Inguinal Hernia Indirect inguinal hernias are the more common of the two types. A hernia that exits the abdominal cavity directly through the deep layers of the abdominal wall, thereby bypassing the inguinal canal, is known as a direct inguinal hernia.


Compares normal anatomy with indirect and direct herniation. Frontolateral view of the right side of the pelvis. This can also cause infertility. Sign up Log in.

Anatomy essentials for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair

This page was last edited on 27 Novemberat Laparoscopic operations for inguinal hernia are carried out intraperitoneally or in preperitoneal space. By visiting this site you agree to the foregoing terms and conditions. Such symptoms can resolve spontaneously in 2—4 weeks. You can help by adding to it.

In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of herrnia inguinal canal — its development, borders and contents. Schematic of the principle of adult laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Retrieved 10 February The canals are approximately 3. Hernias involving the inguinal canal can be divided into two main categories:. The femoral pulse can be palpated here. Laparoscopic procedures are especially suitable for recurrent and bilateral inguinal hernia 12.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Inguinal ligament. During surgery, significant hemorrhage may occur, and hemostasis may be difficult to achieve if the corona mortis vessels are accidentally cut because they may retract into the obturator inguinwlis. This area from lateral to medial includes the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, the femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve and the femoral nerve, which runs on the surface of the psoas muscle and the iliac muscle.

Inguinal ligament Inguinal ligament is labeled at bottom right.

This anatomic region was originally coined by Dr. Please review our privacy policy.

A first-order approximation is to visualize each canal as a cylinder.