Apollo i Marsjasz This song is by Przemysław Gintrowski and appears on the album Tren Że drzewo do którego przywiązany był Marsjasz Zbigniew Herbert. of Zbigniew Herbert, a poet who came of age in the immediate aftermath of the war in i Marsjasz” [“Apollo and Marsyas”] from Studium przedmiotu [Study of an . One hardly needs to extol the virtues of Zbigniew Herbert’s poetry. It is com . In ” Apollo and Marsyas” (Apollo i Marsjasz), e.g., the stanza odwraca glow? i widzi.

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Przemysław Gintrowski:Apollo I Marsjasz Lyrics

In Hyginus’s account of the story, the Muses judge the competition, giving Marsyas victory in the first round. Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printed page of such transmission.

Thus, the function of the modernist art- work is to de-realize “lived”reality, that is, to present it from an absolute distance. The extremity of his punishment-beyond human comprehension-does not exclude the possibility of sympathy. Alternative versions of the Marsyasstory may hebert help explain Ovid’s empha- sis on the satyr’s punishment rather than the rules of the contest and Apollo’s involvement.

Whether the com- petition between Apollo and Marsyasis a competition between absolute author- ity and artistic autonomy or between the new prophetic deity and the old augural deity over the right to practice divination, it demonstrates how power influences, controls, determines, “metamorphosizes” the fate of those subjected to it.

AsJocelyn Penny Small rightly points out, the mythological figures of antiquity tend to be judged from whatever view dominates the surviving sources. It is not through the marsjaez of the patterns of the past that a apolli establishes a “classical”stance, but through a conscious attitude towards his poetic ancestors manifested implic- itly or explicitly in his works.

Folia Litteraria Polonica T. There are several versions of the contest; according to Hyginus, Marsyas was hwrbert as victor after the first round, when Apollo, turning his lyre upside down, played the same tune.


The second version occurs in the Fasti 6. The young Octavian had initiated the construction of this sanctuary adjacent to his residence, and after his victory at Actium 28 BCE he dedicated the temple to Apollo;13in his later years, Augustus even conducted official business in this temple Wyss In BC, two years after suffering one of the worst military defeats in its history at the Battle of CannaeRome was in the grip of a reactionary fear that led to excessive religiosity.

In both versions, the figure of the satyr is reduced to blood-soaked flesh. Mattingly, “Naevius and the Metelli”, Historia 9 — The Apolline action that Ovid passed over in silence because of its anti-Augustan overtones, Herbert, in somewhat simi- lar political circumstances, could express quite openly since this openness itself provided a cover-Ovid’s poem-for the political allusions of the myth that only a limited audience could penetrate.

See, also, the collection of essays, Barbarianin the Garden, trans. Herbert has been translated by several hands, yet This fact is of crucial importance for understanding the manner in which Heaney naturalizes Herbert’s motifs: The description progresses from the past tense inquit, clamabat, erat to the immediacy of the present manat, patent, micant and from the im- personal third person to the second-“you could count” possis numerare.

Apollo i Marsjasz

As Lateiner and Leach have shown, the explicit mockery of Augustus’s principate in the Ars Amatoria is in the Metamorphoses transported into mythological settings-primarily as a response to an increasingly repressive political environment.

Extroversion need not result in the discovery of similitude. Through his prefatory remarks on the title of the poem, which define diesfasti and dies marsjawz according to the restriction of public speech, Ovid points to the freedom of expression so vital to his own life and career before and during his exile Newlands In stories like Arachne’s, artists are presented as vulnerable and abused by ruthless figures of authority, but their ars,like Arachne’s spider web, cannot be entirely destroyed.


Herbert’s works carry on precisely this type of conversation with the classical tradition, as if he can express his historical reality only through membership in an atemporal and aspatial community of all living and dead poets. In fact, their aesthetic choices were partially apoloo by political conditions: Ilium ruricolae, silvarum numina, Fauni Et satyri fratres et tunc quoque carus Olympus Et nymphae flerunt, et mmarsjasz montibus illis Lanigerosque greges armentaque bucera pavit.

Just as a taste “nourished” on true art cannot digest the iconographic kitsch marrsjasz communism, so the “cogito” of the individual rejects the immorality of the political ideology.

Princeton University Press, As in the Fasti, where the Marsyas myth is the climax of a long discussion of freedom of speech in the heebert “pre-Julian”month of the calendarthe flaying of Marsyasin the Metamorphosesconstitutes the finale to the stories of human blasphemy Arachne, Niobe, and the Lycian Farmers for which Book VI is famous.

The Etrusco-Roman Marsyas, the bringer of exauguration, was doomed to oblivion.

In his poetry, however, Heaney summons a different Herbert. Music in Greek mythology Phrygian characters in Greek mythology Satyrs. In the art of later periods, allegory is applied to gloss the somewhat ambivalent morality of the flaying of Marsyas.


Mario Torelli interprets Marsyas as a symbol of plebeian libertasunder- stood specifically as a freedom from want. It carries the name of Marsyas,the clearest of all Phrygian rivers.

In this sense perhaps all “mature”poets to use T.

Thus, Herbert does not recognize the modernist claim that a gap exists between the poet and the man-for him aesthetic choices are ethical choices and vice versa. The Muses [21] supported Apollo’s claim, leading to his victory. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.