Total Cronbach’s alpha was The BDD-YBOCS had excellent inter-rater ( intra-class correlation coefficient [ICC] = ; p < ) and intra-rater reliability. The BDD-YBOCS is an observer rated scale to assess the severity of BDD The COPS is a self-report scale designed to screen for symptoms of BDD in. body dysmorphic disorder scale notes. The body dysmorphic disorder scale ( BDD-YBOCS) was developed by Katharine Phillips and colleagues (details at the .

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The total score is calculated ybbocs the sum of ratings for the 12 items, for a vdd score of Development, reliability, and validity of a modified version of the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. Archives of General Psychiatry. Conclusions The BDD-YBOCS demonstrated strong internal consistency, interrater and test-retest reliability, convergent and discriminant validity, and sensitivity to change.

The prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in the United States adult population. High prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms in patients seeking rhinoplasty. In addition, most studies have found that level of insight improves with SRI treatment, including in patients with delusional BDD. To determine whether a physical flaw is only slight or absent, the clinician can determine whether it is clearly visible and obvious at conversational distance.

Rev Bras Cir Plast. Of yvocs subjects, met diagnostic criteria for current BDD, and 24 met criteria for past BDD at the time of intake into the study. And, one in four individuals with BDD actually attempt suicide.

Scales used for BDD

Limitations include relatively small sample sizes for analyses of interrater and test-retest reliability. Services on Demand Journal.

A bde placebo-controlled trial of fluoxetine in body dysmorphic disorder. Intraclass correlation coefficients demonstrated excellent interrater and test-retest reliability; internal consistency was strong. In addition, patients may lack health insurance or access to health care for other reasons. Journal of Plastic Reconstructive and Gdd Surgery, 65 4 Application of the instrument During the cultural adaptation phase, a psychologist with a doctoral degree and expertise in BDD MJB applied the BDD-YBOCS to the first 10 patients and supervised a second psychologist hbocs the application of the instrument to the next 20 patients.


Updates on the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder: An example of insight in OCD is how convinced the patient is that the house will actually burn down if the stove is not checked 30 times. The final version was obtained when patients, translators, and health professionals reached a consensus Appendix 1available as online-only supplementary material.

Poorer insight is significantly associated with more severe BDD symptoms. Morselli PG, Boriani F. To assess this criterion it is best to ask questions such as whether the patient is worried about their appearance or unhappy with how they look.

Diagnosis and Clinical Assessment in BDD

The number of factors identified was based on an examination of eigenvalues greater than one and the scree plot. This semi-structured interview is fairly lengthy, and it is of limited usefulness for patients with more severe BDD symptoms. Mean age was Please send us details of any further validated scales used for BDD. Prevalence and associations with clinical variables. To assess the construct validity, the literature recommends evaluating the relationships of comparable constructs with similar ybosc concepts.

Total scores range from 0 to 72; higher scores reflect more severe social anxiety symptoms.

Item numbers 2, 3, and 5 are reverse scored. Clinicians can probe for BDD-related distress by asking directly about distress as well as asking about resulting depressed mood or anxious mood, feelings of embarrassment or shame, or suicidal ideation.


The first bdr items assess obsessional preoccupations about perceived appearance defects time preoccupied, interference in functioning and distress due to perceived appearance defects, resistance against preoccupations, and control over preoccupations. American Journal of Psychiatry.

BDD | Scales used for BDDScales used for BDD – BDD

A prospective, follow-up study. The patients had no doubts about the questionnaire items and found the instrument easy to understand. All patients understood that the scale items were related to concerns and dissatisfaction with physical appearance.

Psychology of plastic and reconstructive surgery: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. The area under tbocs receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.

Prevalence and clinical characteristics of body dysmorphic disorder in an adult inpatient setting. Individuals with BDD frequently seek cosmetic surgery to correct perceived defects and reduce the extreme dissatisfaction with their physical appearance.

Treatment received and illness severity.

Preoccupation with emitting a foul or unpleasant body odor is a symptom of olfactory reference syndrome, not BDD. The only exclusion criterion was the presence of an yhocs mental disorder that would interfere with the collection of valid interview data.

Body dysmorphic disorder, assessment, scales, measurement, severity. Introduction Body dysmorphic disorder BDD is a relatively common and often severe psychiatric disorder that is possibly underdiagnosed and underreported. Support Center Support Center. She is author of The Broken Mirror: Behaviour Research and Therapy.