Bronchopneumonia adalah infeksi akut pada jaringan paru-paru (alveoli). Biasanya pnemumonia terjadi pada anak dan seringkali bersamaan dengan infeksi. Bronchopneumoniapada anak saat ini menjadi penyakit yang paling sering terjadi pada anak. Masalah keperawatan utama yang terjadi pada anak dengan . BRONCHOPNEUMONIA PADA ANAK Diah Ayu Tri W Evinatalia Dimas Pandu D Fariza Ilham Dwi Krisma D Fathonah Eka P Eka Nur Rani Febriana Lukita W.

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Average oxygenation level was The youngest patient was 1 month old and the oldest was months old 16 years. We present the results of patients who were hospitalized at pulmology department of the Pediatric Clinic with diagnosis of bronchopneumonia.

According to the research done by the World Health Organization, for quality management of bronchopneumonia, certain criteria must be met in order to refer a child to hospital treatment: The subject was a child being hospitalized with a medical diagnosis of bronchopneumonia. This is usually done by inhalation, i.

The treatment of bronchopneumonia at the Pediatric Clinic was empirical and it conformed to the guidelines and recommendations of British Thoracic Society.

Bronchopneumonia

It is necessary to work on prevention in order to reduce the incidence of morbidity. It is a leading infective cause of mortality in children under 5 years of age. Medicines from the group of penicillins were recommended for continuation of treatment of 28 patients In the last 30 years, a lot of research has been done with the purpose of achieving a more effective treatment of bronchopneumonia in the pediatric population and a reduction in bronchopneumonia-caused mortality.

Bronchopneumonia is a pneumonia involving one or more lung lobes characterized by infiltrating spots caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and foreign matter.

Since pediatric population anao vulnerable and specific, clinical features are often non-specific and conditioned by numerous factors. The aim of this research is to find out description of nursing care on a Bronkopneumonia child with gas exchange disruption at Cilinaya ward Mangusada Badung public hospital on the year First and third generation cephalosporins cephazolin and ceftriaxone, respectively and penicillin antibiotics ampicillin were most commonly used antimicrobial agents with the average duration of antibiotic therapy of 4.

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In addition to pharmacotherapy, hospitalized patients were subjected to a diet with controlled intake of sodium, which included probiotic-rich foods and adequate hydration.

This research is expected for the Hospital especially nurse as health team related to patient expected to increase knowledge and bronchopneeumonia to the current reference so that able to do nursing care comprehensively and optimally. Natasa Loga Andrijic and Azra Kadic made substantial contribution to acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation of data and critical revision for important intellectual content.

Antimicrobial therapy of pneumonia in infants and children. The most reliable way to diagnose bronchopneumonia is through chest X-ray, but that is not enough to determine the ethiological agent, so the treatment of bronchopneumonia is clinical rather than ethiological in most cases.

Evaluation of Drug Treatment of Bronchopneumonia at the Pediatric Clinic in Sarajevo

The study included patients who met criteria for enrollment. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Controlled study with use of WHO standardization of radiographic definition of pneumonia included 37, children.

It is recommended for the room nurse to master therapeutic techniques of chest physiotherapy to overcome the problem of nursing airway clearance in toddlers and teaches the family. Therefore no more complaints, such as short of breath and no sound when breathing.

First-generation cephalosporins were administered to 42 patients Every child with a clear diagnosis of pneumonia should receive antibiotic therapy since it is not possible to make immediate reliable differentiation of bacterial bronchopneu,onia viral pathogens 5. The result of this research is documentation of assessment which has been directed to theory but there are bronchopnrumonia data which have not been found.

In addition, nurses are also advised to seek new innovations related to addressing the problem of airway clearance is not effective, so as to reduce patient’s aanak care. Study results showed that Pediatric clinic has access to modern diagnostic tests, the treatment is carried out in accordance with the protocols and guidelines, which largely correspond to the guidelines of the British Thoracic Society.

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Shortest duration of therapy has been recorded in the penicillin group of antibiotics. Hence the usual empirical treatment is based on proven connection of certain causative agents with specific populations, while etiological treatment is very rare. Increase in use of third-generation cephalosporins, and aminopenicillins is a cause for concern. Italian single-blind study from bornchopneumonia that there was a statistically significant difference in occurrence of bronchopneumonia in children who are not immunized compared to pasa who are A total of 17 subjects in the treatment received ceftazidime, the lowest dose was given in infants mg and the highest dose was given to school-aged children 2, mg.

The nursing diagnose of the first and the second patient are different from theory. The largest number of patients—67 of them Selama pneumonia diderita kondisi tubuh akan mengalami demam tinggi dan diikuti hilangnya protein untuk memperbaiki kerusakan sel bronchopneumohia jaringan tubuh.

Treatment of bronchopneumonia involves administration of medicines and use of high calorie dietary regimes with adequate hydration. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

Chest physiotherapy in all pediatric patients has not been able to overcome the problem of ineffective airway clearance. Principi N, Esposito S.

Evaluation of Drug Treatment of Bronchopneumonia at the Pediatric Clinic in Sarajevo

Pharmacological measures imply administration of bronchopneumonua and concomitant therapy. The latest antimicrobials and concomitant therapy for treatment are available. More information and software credits.

Nursing intervention to psda first and the second patient are appropriate to theory. In school children age group, cough as a symptom was present in Int J Antimicrob Agents.

Among other drugs recommended for treatment continuation at home, antipyretics were recommended in 54 or The study was retrospective and included a total of patients, hospitalized in pulmonary department of the Pediatric Clinic in the period from July to December