the wear life and fatigue life of steel heat-treated components. This article explores some factors that cause decarburization while concentrat- ing on its. Decarburization is the change in content and structure of steel wherein some surface layers of steel and carbon are lost. In complete decarburization, the top. Decarburization is a loss of carbon in the surface-adjacent zone of the material ( Gunnarson, ). From: Thermochemical Surface Engineering of Steels,

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What is Decarburization? – Definition from Corrosionpedia

Carbon will therefore be removed from the steel by the process commonly known as “Decarburization”. The oxidation is penetrating the prior austenite grain boundaries because these are high-energy sites. This page was last edited on 25 Octoberat Hydrogen Blistering and Hydrogen Embrittlement: By using this site, you agree to decarhurisation Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Causes and Preventive Measures. This temperature is quite high, in the range o C, depending on the details of the chemical composition. Iron and steel production. The sample of M0 was then ground flat on one surface using SiC grinding paper lubricated with water, followed by polishing with fine diamond paste.


The microstructure on the stel is representative of a low-carbon steel whereas that on the left of a higher carbon steel. To prevent the atmospheric gases from reacting with the metal itself, electrical steel is annealed in an atmosphere of nitrogenhydrogenstel water vaporwhere oxidation of the iron is specifically prevented by the proportions of hydrogen and water vapor so that the only reacting substance is carbon being made into carbon monoxide.


In some cases, decarburization may be induced deliberately.

If not, the steel or material will not be utilized for production. The microstructure at the free surface of the steel. The chemical composition of steel M0 is approximately Fe The microstructure away from the surface of the steel.

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By referring to the phase diagram, it can be deduced that the surface will be rich in ferrite, the unaffected regions away from the surface will be fully pearlitic. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Another measure is to have the steel heated in an inert environment which lacks oxygen. Corrosion Metal heat treatments Steelmaking.

Decarburisation of steel

Carbon loss can result in unstable steel, which leads to reduced performance. Definition – What does Decarburization mean? Additional information on decarburization and its commercial importance can be found in the links at the bottom of this page. Low hydrogen Short circuit. If the diffusion coefficient for carbon in austenite ishow long will it take for the depth at decagburisation the concentration is 0.

In complete decarburization, the top layer of steel consists mainly of ferrite materials, while partial decarburization presents a combination of materials.

Smelting Bloomery produces sponge iron Stele furnace produces pig iron Cold blast Hot blast Anthracite iron Direct reduced iron. Microscopy is one of the techniques to determine carbon loss. Explain how decarburisation causes a variation in the microstructure decarburistaion a slowly cooled eutectoid steel as a function of the distance from the exposed surface.


Views Read Edit View history. Decarburization normally takes place when steel goes through the heating process in an environment where oxygen is present, resulting in loss of carbon and oxidation. A discussion of diffusion and its effects can be found in a set of lectures available online. The ferrite nucleates at the austenite grain boundaries and hence appears as layers.

Decarburization can be either dangerous or beneficial, depending on the way it is applied or how the metal is used.

decarburisatipn For the corrosion caused by exposure to hydrogen, see Hydrogen embrittlement. Bessemer process Open hearth furnace Electric arc furnace Basic oxygen process. The rate of decarburization is controllable. Incidental decarburization can be detrimental to surface properties in products where carbon content is desirable when done during heat treatment or after rolling or forging, because the material is only affected to a certain depth according to the temperature and duration of heating.

The dark etching regions are mixtures of Widmanstatten ferrite and pearlite which form after the grain boundary layers of ferrite. Electro-slag remelting Vacuum arc remelting Argon oxygen decarburization.

Decarburization or decarbonization is the process opposite to carburizationnamely the reduction of carbon content.