Instruction nº 01/, which establishes the criteria for sustainable .. outras providências (Decreto nº , de 23 de dezembro de ). de Residuos Solidos (Lei 12,/), Decreto Regulamentador (Dec. 7,/ ), Responsabilidade Compartilhada, Logistica Reversa. The City currently landfills the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. (MSW). ..

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This reality of municipal solid waste management MSWM is also present in a large and economic diversified country like Brazil, where municipalities are responsible, by law, for the provision for public service of urban cleaning and solid waste management.

Through these procedures we identified 77 Consortia: Public Policy steps-first phase-desirable components e observed results on the 29 Consortia. If these Consortia come into operation inthey took four to five years from the first phase of discussion and to the second phase of execution.

In most countries, local authorities are charged with the responsibility of collecting and disposing of solid and liquid municipal wastes within their areas of 20010 municipalities or counties.

As far as the formation of a Consortia is concerned, lack of Integrated Solid Waste Management Plans will require more efforts in training of human resources, since several initial steps that should be part of the creation of Consortia requires, for example, under taking economic and financial feasibility studies.

Depending on common interests and needs of municipalities, Consortia can meet 0210 objectives or sectors in a single contract, which can reduce administrative costs and increase regional cooperation.

Since there is no Federal Agency that centralizes this information, we conducted a survey in all 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District. Through gathering of information and empirical data our analysis reveals challenges that are not being addressed and that impact in both, the formation of Public Consortia, as well as the urban solid waste management alternatives.

In addition, the absence of Integrated Plans municipal or inter-municipal requires more efforts and resources towards the formation of a Consortia.

In this paper, we analyze Public Consortia of Municipalities, a basic instrument of the National Policy for Solid Waste of Brazil, a country with more than municipalities. Details of Public Consortia are summarized in Table 1. It is identified a policy failure in the case of not considering that if there is a lack of Plans and technical capacity, the objectives of the Law in predicting this priority in access to resources would be not achieved. We got reply with completed questionnaire from 29 Consortia 8 from the Northeast, 14 from the Southeast, and 7 from the South.

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Roura argues that a first phase of a public policy sets recognition, analysis, design, and consultation steps, as set out in the first column of Table 2.

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The data from Chart 1 demonstrates that, for the 29 Consortia, the formation of Public Consortia tends to focus in municipalities with up to 50, inhabitants 6being the majority concentrated in the ranges between 10, to 50, inhabitants.

For doing so, we applied traditional evaluation criteria of public policy available in the specialized literature see Baumol and Oates, Considering that the major goal of the 29 Consortia is the final disposal of solid waste and, consequently, the construction of landfills, it is motive of concern the low proportion of studies on territorial characteristics, land use occupation and distance between the municipalities in the answers of the 29 Consortia.

Thus, despite some limitations, the approval of PNRS in marked a new stage in public policy of SWM in Brazil because it standardizes the processes and duties to be fulfilled by individuals, companies and governments nationwide. Therefore, prioritizing public resources by forming Consortia established in the PNRS is not necessarily associated with effective management; it can potentially induce ineffectiveness and inefficiency of the SWM policy, among other relevant issues. This study identifies the characteristics of Public Consortia, its advantages and disadvantages for urban solid waste management based upon the analysis of 29 Public Consortia in the Northeast, Southeast and South regions of Brazil.

Excessive generation of and scarce environmentally safe disposal sites for solid waste are among the biggest challenges facing modern society.

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It also presents some requirements, such as closing landfills, creating plans, implementation of proper disposal of waste treatment, recycling, composting, gas recovery from landfills, planning and cost recovery initiatives.

In ds context, transversely policies among ministries and government agencies are essential. Elaborated by the authors decreti upon: Regulamenta a Lei no Elaborated by authors based upon data from this research.

Arranjos Federativos e Desigualdades Regionais no Brasil. However, considering the low percentage of those who reported having one of the Plans, it is assumed that this is not the case.

One of the biggest challenges facing modern society is solving excessive generation and the environmentally safe disposal of solid waste. This is a relevant question from a 20100 policy making point of view. In places without waste management policy, the first step is the implementation of a direct regulation.

Contato telefonico em 30 mai. Any policy maker becomes apprehensive in analyzing these results.

There is some evidence that Brazilian municipalities prioritize expenditure on collection and transport due to public health issues. Most do not meet environmentally safe MSW disposal levels because of a lack of sanitary landfills. Regulamenta a Lei n The first question that drove this study was to establish whether the prioritization and the incentive to the access to government resources provided by the PNRS to municipalities, for formation of Public Consortia for regionalized management of USW services, led to an efficient MSWM.

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Nevertheless, the absence of Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan at municipal and inter-municipal level is an example of one of those restrictions and was attested throughout the survey, confirming data from IBGE b showing that The results indicate that the following items must be considered in implementing SWM through Public Consortia: Instead of pointing out which factors most influence the efficiency of Consortia, the paper exposes which of them re considered on its formation and the consequences for their efficiency.

Thus, it is recommended that studies and dee are conducted to check if and how these Plans have been drawn up, the decrfto of se developers, the representation of the local reality, and if it could potentially generate effectiveness, efficiency and equity.

In addition, it shows the relevance of the evaluation and makes a proposal on how and what to evaluate in USW management through Public Consortia from the obtained results. To understand a policy instrument is necessary to understand their characteristics and what it entails in terms of effectiveness, efficiency and equity.

The questionnaire was made available on a website for 30 days from May to June The international concern in relation to solid wastes, household solid wastes, has increased due to increase in production and to inadequate management and disposal areas.

Chart 2 shows that in the three regions, of Brazil the main objectives are: The survey of existing Public Consortia for SWM was conducted from January to May based upon responses received by email, phone contacts, internet searches, review of academic papers on specific Consortia, municipal laws, reports and State Integrated Plans.

Public policy devreto phase-desirable application e results observed on the 29 Consortia. Lei node 05 de janeiro de This 20010 confirmed by the responses of the 29 Consortia analyzed. 77404 of them did not answer 74404 question.