8 Results Visit ‘s Eleni Varikas Page and shop for all Eleni Varikas books. Books by Eleni Varikas by Maria Eleonora Sanna and Eleni Varikas. Institution, University of Paris VIII. City, Paris. Country, France. Visitor’s name, Eleni Varikas. Visitor’s academic degree/title, Professor emerita. Department visit . Eleni Varikas. Gender, Experience and Subjectivity: The Tilly–Scott Disagreement. From the viewpoint of women’s history in France, Louise Tilly’s article appears.

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Only 3 left in stock – order soon. Whilst the long history of hatred of the Jews and of anti-Semitism might explain the choice of victim, it cannot, on the other hand, explain the nature of the crime. Before they started to use the gas chambers, the Nazis made a careful study of the question and concluded to their great satisfaction that no country was going to take responsibility for those people.

The existence of a close link between the development of the notion of the pariah and the universalism of the Declaration of the Rights of Man is hinted at by the privileged place the notion occupies in the literary and political public sphere in France, as opposed to countries like England and Germany, where its use remained marginal.

Feldman, Grove Press, New York,p. Colloque Hannah ArendtPayot, Paris, The individual was therefore not comparable with others in terms of his right to elaborate the general law. Problemi e mitiLaterza, Rome,pp.

Grotius had already invoked this type of authority to criticize the divine right of monarchy by asserting that not even God could varikss two and two from making four.

The gap between political principles and political practices was more visibleand the antinomies of the new political system were more illuminating in France, perhaps because the Declaration of Human rights made universalism the explicit basis of political legitimation in that country.

Eleni Varikas: The burden of our time / Radical Philosophy

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It has taken several decades to break the intellectual silence which surrounded the fact of the systematic and programmed extermination of the Jews and Gypsies and which, even in antifascist literature and critical analyses of the Second World War, tacitly gave it the status of a monstrous exception. Because it represented such a radical break with the political and ethical traditions of the Leeni, the genocide also revealed itself to be elrni of the possible outcomes of political modernity.

Promoted by the hegemony of nineteenth-century scientism and positivism, the determinism of a natural and historical patrimony reformulated the aristocratic notion of heritage vaeikas terms that were compatible with universalism. Marx, Early WritingsPenguin, Harmondsworth,p. By reasserting the absolutist postulate of the homogeneity of the body politic, and by making the exercise of human rights dependent upon territoriality and nationality, the democratic state constructed human plurality and diversity as antinomic with freedom and equality, and restricted political vocabulary to a single voice.

Where we once saw, or thought we saw, closed and irreducible ethnic communities, we are seeing the presence of a political collective constituted in and through the intentional and concerted actions of the multitude. Sous les sciences sociales, le genre Sep 30, The tragic experience of this century necessarily casts a sinister light on the status that political modernity has elenni for its pariahs over the last two hundred years.

The burden of our time

Whereas we expected to see clandestine street-sweepers hugging the walls, we discovered men and women who worked as computer scientists or teachers of German rubbing shoulders with domestic servants and construction workers, We discovered men and women who had been living and working in France for a long time, but who had been put and are being put outside the law by unjust and xenophobic legislation.

Politically speaking, the death factories were indeed crimes elen humanity committed on the body of Jewish people. But unlike the dominant doxa of the postwar years, Arendt varukas not see this task varikaw a mere return to the liberal traditions of a modernity whose course has been interrupted by an archaic or premodern barbarity: Not the least of these ironies is that the varilas itself, which comes from the hierarchical Indian caste system and which had been familiar from the sixteenth century onwards, becomes politically pertinent only at the moment when the principle of one general law for all had discredited the logic of caste and privilege.

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Such an investigation is meaningful only if we start out from the hypothesis that every past event opens on to a plural and inexhaustible posterity. Are you an author? High to Low Avg. There’s a problem loading this menu right now. Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the eldni. Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers.

English Choose a language for shopping. The history of modern pariahs provides the genealogy of that failure. Investigating the past in order to see what made possible the future that we know is meaningless if we take the view that everything that has happened was destined to happen. Once those facts had been established, they could not be the e,eni of any critique or moral evaluation. That is why any attempt to re-establish human dignity presupposes that we reread that tradition against the grain.

Others, like Dwight MacDonald in the United States, were citizens of those countries that took in the immigrants. The genocide was not inevitable; it elnei never have taken place.

Center for European Studies – Harvard University

ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. The false logic that confused the nature of mathematical laws with that of the laws of the community, and claimed that the former could in some way inspire the latter, made it possible to reassert in much more powerful terms the classic argument that natural rights are restricted by natural law.

What was shattered into pieces in Auschwitz was the very foundation of the universalist principles of political modernity: