Esther Boserup. Boserup, a Danish agricultural economist, is distinguished by two intellectual achievements: a seminal theory of population to rival Malthus in. Issue Analysis Essay – Thomas Malthus and Ester Boserup Issues in Population Geography University of Toronto – Nicolette Ramcharan Thomas Malthus’ Essay . work of Ester Boserup, however, continues to transcend the boundaries of this polarized discourse. This paper reviews the main points of Boserupian theory and.

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He viewed these checks as a natural way of maintaining the human population Malthus, Boserup developed her ideas in connection with traditional farming systems in South East Asia, but her ideas have been applied to global agricultural patterns.

Theories of resource consumption

Retrieved 4 October Indeed, the Malthusian trap may even drive the development of technology. In contrast Ester Boserup holds a completely opposite belief that a rise in population would lead to an increase in boserp production Boserup, For example, a farmer who has four fields to produce food for his family might grow crops in three of the fields, but leave the fourth field empty as the ground is dry and his crop will not thelry there.

What is the mode of production?

Print Geography The global food industry. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 14 2 The paper first summarizes Boserup’s theory of agricultural change and dispels the misconceptions to which it has given rise. The objective of this essay is to review earlier attempts to relate the intensification of agriculture to population growth, to outline Boserup’s theory, and to examine the criticisms which have been made of the theory.


Her work earned her three honorary doctorate degrees: Despite the fact that bosreup are two opposing theories, they do indeed carry some similarities.

Boserup argued that when population density is low enough to allow it, land tends to be used intermittently, with heavy reliance on fire to clear fields, and fallowing to restore fertility often called slash and burn farming. Boserup says that you just have to upgrade the productivity of the food supply. Hence, Malthus attracted numerous world-class adherents and obtained the view as the father of a new scientific racism.

Ester Boserup’s theory of agrarian change: a critical review.

The poor would be placed in dangerous situations because they were situated and being born in unclean conditions. People must understand and analyze that food will run out.

More people may be killed from wars over trying to get hold of resources – he called these a positive check. Her first major work, The Conditions of Agricultural Growth: They cultivate the land more intensively, they add extra manure, extra fertiliser, extra water and improve their crops. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. By Nicolette Ramcharan – University of Toronto In time, there would not be enough resources for everyone.

Ester Boserup – Wikipedia

People might try to prevent this from happening by having smaller families. Conceptual thinking on population and environment within both the social and natural sciences has traditionally suffered from a long-term confinement within opposing “Malthusian” versus “Cornucopian” views.

The Malthusian theory suggested that increases of population are limited by how much food is available, or how much environment is there to be used.


Thomas Malthus also presupposes a social system and set of assumptions. Boserup’s work is widely credited as a motivation behind the United Nations Decade for Women. Help Center Find new research papers in: Theories of resource consumption Thomas Malthus: Woman’s Role in Economic Development, too, has been republished many times, appearing in popilation in at least a half dozen languages.

BBC – GCSE Bitesize: Theories of resource consumption

The Journal of Modern African Studies. The market is the best means of allocating scare resources. In addition, the law of diminishing returns depicts that increased populations would intensify the pressure of farming more intensively while developing poorer land and agriculture which would lead to subordinate harvests Malthus, At some point, the population may get so huge that they can’t be fed no matter how inventive they are.

She studied economic and agricultural development, worked at the United Nations as well as other international organizationsand wrote seminal books on agrarian change and the role of women in development.

This text marked a shift in the Women in Development WID debates, because it argued that women’s contributions, both domestic and in the paid workforce, contributed to national economies. With high demand this populayion eventually lead to a decrease in food supply.

According to Malthusian theorythe size and growth of the population depends on the food supply and agricultural methods. Views Read Edit View history.