FM (FM ). BROWNING MACHINE GUN,. CALIBER HB, M2. MARCH HEADQUARTERS. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY. DISTRIBUTION. M Cal FM study guide by pythonregius24 includes 14 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help. Start studying M CAL FM Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
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When firing swinging traverse, the weapon is normally fired at the cyclic rate of fire.
To prevent enemy soldiers from crawling under grazing fire, he searches downward by lowering the muzzle of the weapon. 32-2.65 and gunners should always strive to position the guns to the extent possible that they can engage enemy targets with enfilade fire Figures A-9 and A These guns are not as accurate when mounted on vehicles as they are when fired from the tripod-mounted system.
The machine gun delivers an accurate, high-volume rate of lethal fire on fairly large areas in a brief time. Subsequent fire commands are used to make adjustments in direction and elevation, to change rates of fire after a fire mission is in progress, to interrupt fires, or to terminate the alert.
The primary requirement of a suitable machine gun position in the defense is its effectiveness in accomplishing specific missions.
If the desired change is more than 5 meters, the leader extends his hand the number of times necessary to indicate the total amount of change.
Rate controls the volume of fire sustained, rapid, and cyclic. As the range to the target increases, so does the curve of trajectory Figure A Engagement and Employment A Gunners are normally assigned a primary and a secondary sector of fire.
The MB is organic to the Infantry platoon. The machine gun can provide units with a self-defense capability against hostile low-flying, low-performance aircraft. They must plan for the rate of machine gun fire needed to support the key events, and the amount of ammunition needed for the scheduled rates of fire. The leader brings his hand palm down to the front of his body about waist level, and moves it horizontally in front of his body.
Leaders consider the mission and organize machine guns to deliver firepower and fire support to any area or point needed to accomplish the assigned mission.
Another way to designate obscure targets is to use easy-to-recognize reference points. Attacking troops usually seek easily-traveled ground that provides cover from fire. The gunner fires at the instant desired. Fires with respect to 3-22.56 weapon include fixed, traversing, searching, traversing and searching, swinging traverse, and free gun fires Figure A The extent of grazing fire and the extent of dead space may be determined in two ways.
The beaten zone is the elliptical pattern formed when the rounds within the cone of fire strike the ground or target. Gunners should not attempt overhead fires if the terrain is level or slopes uniformly, if the barrel is badly worn, or if visibility is poor. A member of the squad then walks along the FPL while the gunner aims through the sights. The leader always announces the estimated range to the target.
The MK 19 and M2 are particularly effective in preventing fn enemy vehicles from escaping or reinforcing.
The gunner ensures throughout his firing that the center of the beaten zone is maintained at the center base of the target for maximum effect from each burst of fire. When this is the case, they are assigned a cover fire zone or sector. SOPs for certain actions and commands can be developed to make gunners more effective. They then shift their fires to the flank opposite the one being assaulted and continue to target any automatic weapons that provide enemy support, and engage any enemy counterattack.
The platoon leader through his weapons squad leader employs his MB machine guns with a rifle squad to provide long range, accurate, sustained fires against dismounted infantry, apertures in fortifications, 3–22.65, and lightly-armored vehicles. Therefore, gunners cannot be allowed to empty all of their ammunition into one bunker simply because that is all they can identify at the time.
MK 19, mm grenade machine gun, MOD 3. If the target is obvious, no description is necessary. Personal contact is used more than any other method by Infantry leaders. When engaging other predetermined targets, the sustained rate of fire is also used unless a different rate is ordered. Burst of Fire A The secondary sector of fire is assigned to the gun team to cover the second most likely avenue of enemy approach.
-322.65 platoon leader positions his machine guns to concentrate fires in locations where he wants to inflict the most damage to the enemy. MK 19 ballistic data. Fire control includes all actions of the leader and Soldiers in planning, preparing, and applying fire on fmm target.
This element prepares the gunners for further instructions. For use against 3-22.5 aircraft and lightly-armored vehicles, concrete shelters, and other bullet-resisting targets.
FM – Appendix A – Machine Gun Employment « Infantry Drills
He also places them where they can take advantage of grazing enfilade fires, stand-off or maximum engagement range, and best observation of the target area. They fix the enemy in position and isolate him by cutting off his avenues of reinforcement.
For combined armor-piercing and incendiary effect.