FIELD MANUAL No. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Section V – AirLand Battle and Counterguerrilla Operations. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Counterguerilla Operations FM MCRP a [Department of Defense, Taylor Anderson] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The
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These may include specific limitations regarding the use of firepower and types of weapons, or they may be general regarding the relationship of the counterguerrilla force with the civilian population.
The greater the control the government has over the situation, the less likely are the chances for insurgent success The opposite is also true: Preventive defensive techniques include movement security, security patrolling, and combat patrolling, among others.
In addition, the counterguerrilla force operattions all information that can be gained from tactical operations to locate the guerrilla force. It provides a general overview of US counterinsurgency strategy and the impact that strategy has on counterguerrilla operations. The counterguerrilla force identifies likely targets and takes measures to protect them. Usually, this type of population is found when US forces operate in friendly territory or liberate areas opposed to the goals of the enemy force.
Unconventional warface forces that may conduct guerrilla warfare consist of special units operatjons specifically for guerrilla warfare and indigenous guerrilla forces sponsored by counterguerriola main enemy force. If the command and support relationships are not clearly delineated in operatione initial order, then the commander must ensure that he receives that guidance prior to commencement of operations.
The mere knowledge that the guerrilla exists within the rear area, even though undetected, may be enough. The counterguerrilla force commander must be aware that the guerrilla force may have NBC weapons available to it. Examples of techniques designed to minimize damage once counterguerrulla action starts include base defense, counterambush, and reaction forces.
FM 90-8 (ARMY FIELD MANUAL), COUNTER GUERRILLA OPERATIONS (29 AUG 1986)
Since a major goal of participants in a conventional conflict is to gain control of territory through the use of regular armed forces, the forms of guerrilla activity change. In most cases, the one-third rule may be applied. Observation and fields of fire, Cover and concealment, Obstacles, Key terrain to operahions likely guerrilla targets and base campsand Avenues of approach or escape. These special units may enter a friendly area through the use of high altitude, low opening HALO ; high altitude, high opening HAHO ; or low level parachute techniques.
In this analysis, the commander and his staff determine all specified and implied tasks:. The operaions of resistance applies to an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist, oppose, or overthrow the existing government. The tactics used by both conventional and unconventional guerrilla forces remain the same.
Airborne, heliborne, or waterborne light infantry forces may also compose a guerrilla force if inserted to conduct guerrilla warfare operations disruption, harassment, or confusion. In all cases where conventional enemy forces are using guerrilla warfare tactics, the counterguerrilla force commander must expect their degree of training, equipment, and sophistication to match that found in the main enemy force.
In this manner, an insurgent organization can be considered a type of resistance organization. Many offensive techniques can be used as a type of defensive technique and vice versa.
Their combat power may suffer from killed and wounded personnel and lost or damaged equipment, and they may have logistical difficulties. Counterguerrrilla treatment and criminal acts murder, rape, or theft, even under stress of combat and with provocation are serious and punishable violations under international law, the law of land warfare, and the US Uniform Code of Military Justice.
The restrictions, limitations, and rules of engagement that the counterguerrilla force adheres to must be defined.
The counterguerrilla force commander may or may cointerguerrilla have control over all forces in the rear area for employment in rear battle operations. The concepts discussed in this chapter are geared to the needs of the tactical commander but can be used by the rear battle officer as well.
An insurgency implies a situation where a country is threatened fk an internal attempt, frequently assisted by external support, to overthrow the legitimate government.
It may not have to conduct continuous operations to achieve its goal. It provides planning, training, and operational guidance for commanders and staffs conducting counterguerrilla operationw. The principles in this manual are guides to be adapted to each counterguerrilla situation. As with political factors, social factors are considered, but their impact is usually reduced.
A strong economic climate usually does not cointerguerrilla either force. Political considerations are reduced. When US forces operate in captured enemy territory, then the sociological factors may favor the guerrilla force.
U.S. Army Counterguerrilla Operations Manual | Public Intelligence
The capabilities of the enemy are examined. Techniques and tactics applied successfully in one situation may not be suitable if applied in the same manner in another situation. He may accomplish this by attacking key installations pperations as headquarters, communications sites, supply depots, maintenance facilities, and airfields. For whatever the reasons — social, political, or economic — the population is generally open to change.
U.S. Army Counterguerrilla Operations Manual
If a tactical combat force is assigned to the rear battle, it will be placed under the operational control OPCON of the rear battle officer. Rolling, open terrain with less cover and concealment usually favors counterguerrilla forces in detecting and pursuing a guerrilla force.
For further information on rear area operations, see FM