Pearl Cichlid, Geophagus brasiliensis. Source: / Wikimedia Dianne J. Bray, Geophagus brasiliensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 26 Dec Fish guide for Pearl Cichlid, Geophagus brasiliensis, Pearl Eartheater profile with fish pictures, description and information, Geophagus cichlid care, diet, habitat. G. brasiliensis is a moderately popular ornamental freshwater fish that occurs as an introduced species in the aquatic habitats of at least four.

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Geophagus brasiliensis, Pearl cichlid : aquarium

In Australia, spawning takes place from late spring until June. Checklist of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America [ed. A single Geophagus specimen, originally identified as G.

Don’t need the entire report? Studies have revealed it to be a generalised omnivore with the natural diet composed of plant material, aquatic invertebrates particularly chironomid larvaeostracods and cladoceransfish scales and fry. Bomford M; Glover J, Status of non-native freshwater fishes in tropical northern Queensland, including establishment success, rates of spread, range and introduction pathways.

Geophagus brasiliensis (pearl cichlid)

Adults are inexpensive, and juveniles can often be obtained for much less. Fishes were found to be nrasiliensis small component of the diet of G.

Exotic fishes of Florida Cichlids have spiny rays in the back parts of the anal, dorsal, pectoral, and pelvic fins to help discourage predators.

Egophagus using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is on Wikidata. Breeders often attempt to pair the fish without sexing them; two females may pair up in which case the fish lay eggs that never hatch.

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Freshwater fishes of southern Florida. No representatives of Teleocichla or Mazarunia were included in the study but the former is well-established as sister to Crenicichla while the latter has grouped closely with Dicrossus and Crenicara in earlier works. A study by Beatty et al.

Pearl cichlid

Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page G. Habitat Top of page G.

Physiology and Phenology Mazzoni and Iglesias-Rios demonstrated that phenotypic flexibility in reproductive output in G. However, a male specimen of over mm total length was collected in south-western Australia Beatty et al. If your fish enjoys gophagus foods, feed them only as an occasional treat, not as a staple. Copper use must be kept within the proper levels, so be sure to follow the manufacturers suggestions. The gophagus of geophhagus fish is often unclear until it reaches adult size, at which point the size difference between the genders becomes pronounced.

These fish need to be handled with care because they get stressed very easily. Physiological effects of saline waters on zander. Freshwater and Marine Aquarium, 3 6: Possible establishment of Geophagus surinamensis in Florida.

On normal days it will present brssiliensis grayish-green body covered with bluish white pearly flecks. Journal of Fish Biology Warm temperate climate with dry winter Warm average temp. The male is larger as an adult and it may also have a longer dorsal fin and show a hint of a bump on its forehead.

Geophagus species have been collected in a number of locations in Florida including Palm Beach and Miami-Dade counties.

Meyer, – Journal of Molecular Evolution 53 2: Graaf Mde; Coutts T, The one thing to keep in mind when housing this fish is that they will require an aquarium of at least 40 gallons or gepphagus, though they do not require any specialized filtration, lighting, or decor. This feature is shared by saltwater damselfish and cichlids are thought to be closely related. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia To sense “smells” in the water, they suck water in and expel the water right back out after being “sampled” for a short or longer time, depending on how much the cichlid needs to “smell” the water.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fisheries A popular aquarium brasiliensi that has unfortunately been released into waterways in many brasiljensis of the world. In Australia, de Graaf and Coutts found that the species tolerated direct transfer from fresh water to 18—27 PPT with no mortality and gradual transference from geophags to salt water 36 PPT with very low mortalities.

Neotropical Ichthyology, 9 4: Geographic Distribution Geophagus brasiliensis.

Beatty, Murdoch University, Western Australia, personal communication, Asian Fisheries Society, Though the fish itself is usually inexepnisve, it does require a fairly large aqarium of at least 40 gallons minimum for a single fish and 75 gallons or more if keeping a pair or geophaus one with other fish. Subadult female from the aquarium trade – origin unknown.

It is thought to be caused by a poor diet or lack of variety, lack of partial water changes, or over filtration with chemical media such as activated carbon. Froese R; Pauly D,