It was established by the Gram Nyayalayas Act, Gram Nyayalayas are mobile village courts in India established for speedy and easy access to justice. (1) For the purpose of exercising the jurisdiction and powers conferred on a Gram Nyayalaya by this Act, the State Government, after consultation with the High. Keywords: nyaya panchayats, alternate disputes redessal, gram nyayalaya act. 1. Introduction. Some form of village self-government seems to have some form.

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But only have been set up.

Gram Nyayalayas – General Knowledge Today

Archived from the original on 14 Wct The Preamble to the Gram Nyayalaya Act envisages access to justice to the citizens at their doorstep with the assurance that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of any disability whatsoever. Power of State Government to make rules. West Bengal Proposed to seek full financial assistance for implementation of the Act.

Manipur Has requested the Centre to extend financial assistance beyond 3 years. The Gram Nyayalaya Act was passed in to make the judicial process participatory, inexpensive and accessible to rural India.

Instead, this could be made a compulsory service for a certain period for a newly recruited judicial officer to the regular cadre of first class judicial magistrates or civil judges. Further, the spirit of the legislation requires that as far as possible Gram Nyayalayas should be established where it would be of maximum utility to the villagers. Sub-section 8 provides that the Gram Nyayalaya shall dispose of the application made under sub-section 1 within a period of six months from the date of its institution.

Where states stand In a conference of chief ministers and chief justices of high courts held in Delhi on April 7 last year, the then chief minister of Gujarat, Narendra Modi, said the implementation of the Act was financially untenable and talked about how courts have been set up at the block level in Gujarat to make justice accessible to rural litigants.

Try out our Premium Member services: Therefore, it was decided that gram nyayalayas would have jurisdiction over more than one panchayat. The tone of the discussion in both the Law Commission’s Report, as well as the legislative debate before the enactment of the Act inreveals the familiar, somewhat patronising desire to trust Gram Nyayalayas with the relatively simple cases typically arising in rural areas.


Equality and justice are indisputably two key facets of the idea of a modern, democratic, and constitution-adhering India. Establishment of Gram Nyayalayas. The Gram Nyayalayas are not only going to divert the existing disputes away from the civil and criminal court system and thereby speed up dispute resolution in the legal system. Sub-section 1 provides that notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, every suit, claim or dispute under the proposed legislation shall be instituted by making an application to the Gram Nyayalaya in such form, in such manner, and accompanied by such fee, not exceeding rupees one hundred, as may be prescribed by the High Court, from time to time, in consultation with the State Government.

Goa Notification of 2 Gram Nyayalayas.

Second Schedule See Sections 13 and However, despite these shortcomings, the institution of Gram Nyayalayas has been a positive step. These are summarized below: From the viewpoint of these objectives, Gram Nyayalayas in these two states have not been very successful and bram reasons for the same are plentiful. Duty of Gram Nyayalaya to make efforts for conciliation and settlement of civil disputes. The Act was designed to bring speedy, affordable and substantial justice for those citizens who are denied access to justice in the formal system.

Transfer of civil disputes. Gram Nyayalayas have been established on part-time basis weekly once or twice and are not in addition to the existing courts. The Department-Related Parliamentary Standing Committee, in its report to Parliament, expressed dismay that the Gram Nyayalayas which were supposed to nyayalata in a revolution at the lowest level of the judicial system were being held back because of fund sharing problem between the Central and the State Governments.

Gram Nyayalayas Act, – Wikipedia

Above everything else they need concrete, well planned and continuous efforts to make them work. Lastly, while the Law Commission prescribed the creation of a distinct cadre of Nyayadhikaris in each state, the Act of does not do so. The Act came into force from 2 October Jurisdiction, Powers and Authority of Gram Nyayalaya.

Some government sources, who do not wish to be identified, also shared alarming information with us on the states’ apathy towards making justice accessible to all. No notification as yet.

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Gram Nyayalayas

Procedure in Criminal Cases. Instead, the Act restricts the provision of appeal to civil cases above a specified pecuniary value, and criminal cases where the accused has not pleaded guilty, or has been ordered to pay a fine over one thousand rupees. Gram Nyayalayas – the rationale, functioning, jurisdiction and procedures The Act was enacted “to provide for the establishment of the Gram Nyayalayas at the grass root level for the purpose of providing access to justice to the citizens at their door steps and to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of social, economic or other disabilities Yet to become operational Haryana Proposed setting up of 2 Gram Nyayalayas.

A tea vendor, Birsan would lose his daily income whenever he had to attend court. Establishment of permanent Gram Nyayalayas: Suitable steps may be taken for creating awareness among various stakeholders including the revenue and police officers.

Provided that the Court of Session may entertain an appeal after the expiry of the said period of thirty days if it is satisfied that the appellant had sufficient cause for not preferring the appeal within the said period.

Courts of Judicial Magistrate of Second Class. There is ambiguity and confusion regarding the specific jurisdiction of Gram Nyayalayas, nyayalwya to the existence of alternative forums such as labour courts, family courts, etc.

Where are rural courts?

The Centre would fund half of the recurring cost for the first three years. The Gram Nyayalya Actwhich was enacted by Parliament in and came into effect in Octobermandates setting up of village courts. Offences not punishable with death, imprisonment for life or imprisonment for a term exceeding two years. Short title, extent and commencement. For example, in Indore the Gram Nyayalaya functions within the regular court premises. The Gram Nyayalaya uneasily straddles two approaches to legal system reform: The th report of the Law Commission was the originator of the idea of a Gram Nyayalaya.