Carlon Robbins PHILS Reading Response 12/05/10 Irigaray: “Plato’s Hystera,” from Speculum of the Other Woman The Belgian-French feminist. Speculum de l’autre femme (; Speculum of the Other Woman), which was highly From Irigaray held a research position at the Centre National de la . Luce Irigaray is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher, linguist, psycholinguist, psychoanalyst and cultural theorist. She is best known for her works Speculum of the Other Woman () and.

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Irigaray is particularly active in the feminist movement in Italy. Irigaray concludes from her research that women are not subjects in language in the same way as men.

Main content page count She argues that if ethical relationships are to irigarqy between men and women, men must overcome nostalgia for the womb. Irigaray specifically targets male dominated religions that posit a transcendental God. More specifically, if Irigaray insists on a universal subject position for women, will it be exclusively determined by first world, white, middle class women?

Irigaray, Luce | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Zeus orders Hades to return Persephone. Can her universal otther include the experiences of minority women, second and third world women, and economically disadvantaged women? Irigaraay other projects Wikiquote. The discourse of reason, solar and paternal metaphor, will never oust the fantasy structure of the cave completely.

Under the persuasion of Zeus, Hades agrees to release Persephone from the underworld for half of each year. In the last section, “Plato’s Hystera,” Irigaray reinterprets Plato’s myth of the cave, of the womb, in an attempt to discover the origins of that ideology, to ascertain precisely the way in which metaphors were fathered that henceforth became vehicles of meaning, to trace how woman came to be excluded from the production of discourse.

Luce Irigaray (1932?—)

Men and women must work together to learn to respect the irreducible difference between them. Irigaray’s essay “This Sex Which Is Not One,” in the text of the same name, provides several clear examples of this method. The elemental works Marine Lover of Friedrich Nietzsche and The Forgetting of Air in Martin Heidegger are sustained discussions of the exclusions implemented by key male philosophers.


She believes that men and women do not produce the same sentences with similar cues, they use prepositions differently, and they represent temporality in language differently. In the first section of the book, “The Blind Spot of an Old Dream of Symmetry,” Irigaray rereads Freud’s essay “Femininity,” and his other writings on women, bringing to the fore the masculine ideology implicit in psychoanalytic theory and in Western discourse in general: Male dominance has defined Western culture for centuries.

Luce Irigaray is a prominent author in contemporary French feminism and Continental philosophy. However, this one is worth it. Many feminists criticize the perceived essentialist positions of Luce Irigaray.

Rather, she is employing her strategy of mimesis. While she believes that women’s social and political situation has to be addressed on a global level, she also thinks that change begins in individual relationships between women.

It is only the inner being, the soul, which is ultimately real. Books by Luce Irigaray.

Jun 27, Haley rated it it was amazing. Freud believes that an ego is formed in reference to a body, such that the manner in which an infant understands his or her selfhood is inseparable from his or her bodily existence.

Cornell University Press, Although Lacan claims that the Phallus is not connected to male biology, his appropriation of Freud renders this claim false. A point of the book is to to uncover how angry and reactionary male-dominated theory has been through history. I’m a badass that way. In addition to her intellectual accomplishments, Irigaray is committed to active participation in the women’s movement in both France and internationally-especially in Italy. Theory and Practice Chris Barker No preview available – Her alleged failure to be clear, or to give a concrete, linear feminist theory, are invitations for readers to imagine their own vision for the future.


Publication Ithaca, United States. She holds two doctoral degrees-one in Philosophy and the other in Linguistics. She appropriates from various thinkers while maintaining a critical distance. There is more to say, but I’ll leave it there. Or has Irigaray abandoned her earlier project? How’s THAT for a title? One among many unique claims of Lacan’s is that the infant acquires sexual difference in his or her relationship to the Phallus.

Her first major book Speculum of the Other Woman, based on her second dissertation, was published inIn Speculum, Irigaray engages in close analyses of phallocentrism in Western philosophy and psychoanalytic theory, analyzing texts by Freud, Hegel, Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, and Kant.

In This Sex Which Is Not OneIrigaray says that simultaneous with her challenges to the symbolic order, women must fight for equal wages, and against discrimination in employment and education.

Irigaray believes that if women are not understood in Western culture, it is because Western culture has yet to accept alternate paradigms for understanding them. A New Moral Vision. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. It’s one of those books where you have to read a paragraph or even a sentence and then put it down and think about it until your head wants to fall off, but you know, it was worth it.

However, the body that an infant attributes to him or herself is not objectively understood-it is the mind’s understanding of the body. Inshe received a doctorate in Linguistics from Paris Iriaray Nanterre.

Irigaray’s interpreters remain divided on this question. Compilation of essays on diverse themes.