Source for information on Brafman, Jacob: Encyclopaedia Judaica dictionary. Brafman attacked the Jewish communal organization (kahal) in Russian. Iakov Brafman was born to a poor Jewish family, grew up almost uneducated and rebellious, and clashed with the kahal (the Jewish self-governing community). It is divided into four parts: (1) The transactions of the ḳahal of Minsk (“ḳahal,” derived from the Hebrew = “community,” assumed in Russian the significance of .

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To back up his claim that West European Jewish institutions were plotting hrafmann destruction of Russian Orthodoxy, Brafman focused on the kahalthe quintessential East European communal entity that was legally abolished in Supplied with his certificate of baptism, which entitled him to an official position, he was appointed professor of Hebrew in the seminary at Minsk, and at the same time was charged by the Holy Synod to devise means of spreading Christianity among the Jews.

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By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. There was a state visit to Minsk in that year by Tsar Alexander II of Russia and Brafman submitted a memorandum on how Jews in Kahwl should best be proselytized into Orthodox Christianity and educated into “useful” subjects. As the subject of Brafmann’s other work, The Jewish Brotherhoods, has been treated rather fully jaacob chapter II, it is hardly necessary to give an analysis of the book here.

Despite being under age, local agents of the kahal the communal Jewish government ran by rabbis in the Pale, which dealt with taxation and conscriptionplaced Brafman on a list of “volunteers” for the Imperial Russian Army. Anticipating a conversion en masse of the Jews of Minsk, the press investigated the reasons for such an unexpected triumph of Christianity among the Jews.

June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Brafman expanded and published both books in a two-volume edition, Kniga kagala: Similarly, on the question of the real estate and appurtenances belonging to non-Jews, the Talmud is obscure; but the thirty-seven acts cited in our fifth article prove conclusively that the Kahal may sell to Jews the right Hasaka and Meropie to the real estate and appurtenances of any gentile.

Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Bramfann works chimed well with the Slavophiles then active in Russia and the political theory of Orthodoxy, Autocracy and Nationalitywhich sought to distance Russian civilisation from French and British liberalism.


It has served a number of scholars as a historical source for knowledge of the inner life of Russian Jewry in the 19 th century. An International Jewish Question;which immediately became the standard introduction to Jewish life and culture for the Russian imperial bureaucracy.

Jacob Brafmann and his Work

Materials for the Study of the Jewish Lifea collection combining forged, misrepresented, and misinterpreted Hebrew documents allegedly taken from Minsk kahal registers of the late eighteenth to early nineteenth century. I submitted these documents together with my recommendations to Gov. Savelii Dudakov, Istoriia odnogo mifa: Klier, John Doyle InBrafman published with official support and at government expense Kniga Kagala “The Book of the Kahal”a translation into Russian of the minutes Pinkas of the kehillah of Minsk.

He later served as censor of Hebrew and Yiddish books in Vilna and St. One of the main problems with Brafman’s thesis was that the kahal system itself in the Russian Empire had been dissolved under Nicholas I in On the important question, whether the law of the land is binding on the Jews, the comments in the Talmud are evasive, but the documents here listed under Nos.

He was a leading polemicist against the kahal the communal Jewish theocratic government in Russia and the Talmud. Brafman grew up in poor conditions and was orphaned at a young age, being raised by relatives. The Russian poet V. As a relatively successful Christian missionary in charge of converting Jews, Brafman was promoted to be a Hebrew instructor at the Minsk Ecclesiastical Seminary.

Brafman summarized his views in a book titled Evreiskie bratstva mestnye i vsemirnye Jewish Brotherhoods, Local and International; that he further buttressed that same year with Kniga kagala: Views Read Edit View history. About the middle of the last century, Jacob Brafmann, a Jewish rabbi in Russia, became a convert to Christianity and spent the rest of his life endeavouring to throw light on the Jewish questions in general, and on the situation in Russia in particular, both in the interest of gentiles and of the Jews themselves.

He became embittered by his experiences, and conceived a hatred for the Jewish community and its institutions.

At the age of 34 he joined the Greek Orthodox Church and was appointed Hebrew teacher at the government theological seminary in Minsk. Home Religion Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps Brafman, Jacob. After having tried many professions, among them photography, tuition, and commerce, he embraced Christianity.


Russia portal Judaism portal. Materialy dlia izuchenia evreiskogo byta The Book of the Kahal: Brafman’s writing was sent to St. When faced with the draft, he chose to convert, becoming first Lutheran and later Russian Orthodox.

But impartial critics dissected the book and discovered that the “transactions” were simple forgeries. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not brafmmann information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. The impression bgafmann by his book is evidence of the extent to which autonomous Jewish community life was alien to modern centralistic political ideas, ideals, and modes of relationship between individuals and the state.

Thoroughly familiar with kqhal Jewish question as I had professed Judaism till the age of thirty-fourI knew where to draw the materials necessary for the work, and the archbishop of Minsk furnished me with jaocb means.

The Jewish Persona in the European Imagination: Jouin, Les Sources de VimpM- alisme juif: One of Brafman’s great-grandchildren was Vladislav Khodasevichthe Russian literary critic.

This page was last edited on 31 Decemberat Brafman’s other major work, The Local and Universal Jewish Brotherhoodstook aim at international Jewish organisations, particularly those based in France.

Jewish convert to Christianity; born in Russia; died braffmann the last quarter of the nineteenth century. The authenticity of all the documents is thoroughly established; the documents published herewith cover the period from to Brafman joined the Imperial Russian Geographical Society in and became a respected figure in academia.

The documents also prove that the Kahal and bratmann beth-din are not bound to judge according to Jewish law, but may hand down personal decisions as they please-Thus, by secret acts, the Jews circumvent their Christian competitors and acquire a controlling share of the capital and real estate of the country. Brafmann’s story, given in his own words in the preface to the Book of the Kahal, is reprinted here: I thus obtained valuable material which served not only for the work in hand, but also to throw light on the Jewish question in general, as well as their social and religious organization in Russia.

This material bratmann over a thousand acts of the Jewish Kahal civil administrationand of the beth-dins Talmudic law courtsshowing the power and extent of their secret iahal.