(Millions of Moldovan lei, unless otherwise indicated) Q1 Q2 Q3 9, 10, 10, 11, 11, 11, 11, 12, Banks’ reserves. /) and % (95% CI, %–%) (n/N = /) respectively. Wang D, Yang C, Kuang T, Lei H, Meng X, et al. SIGN IN. YOUR ACCOUNT. Username. Main Details. Status and Registration. Other Names. Other Addresses. Associated LEIs. Related LEIs. Error Reporting.

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Chinese Ministry of Health. The most common resistance was observed for isoniazid among both study populations.

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Leo prevalence of anti-tuberculosis TB drug resistance, which increases the rate of treatment failure and the costs of control, is a major challenge to global public health [1] — [3]. Abstract Background The spread of drug-resistant tuberculosis TB is one of the major public health problems in the world.

Author le Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Included and excluded articles after full-text evaluation. TIF Click here for additional data file.

Received Jan 29; Accepted Apr Streptomycin, the first anti-TB drug, was introduced in and showed impressive therapeutic outcomes [11].

Due to more detailed data on specific time point could not be obtained from the included studies, it is difficult to compare our analyses with the results of national survey performed lsi — [10].

Prevalence of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Mainland China: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Second, potential publication bias cannot be completely excluded as pronounced results are more likely to be published, especially indication of 104486 publication bias was observed in our analyses. Review articles, congress abstracts, studies reported in languages other than English or Chinese, data from the regions of China other than mainland i.


Please respect the layout of the furniture of the apartment. Ce6 was excited at nm. The better social-economic status might contribute to such an observation because of the corresponding higher medical and public health levels of these two areas.

In order to address the problem of limited light penetration, near-infrared light — nm is used in PDT because of its deeper tissue penetration and minimal damage to healthy tissues.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are properly credited. Forest plot of the meta-analysis on any drug resistance in new cases.

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Fourth, potential language bias could not be excluded completely because our literature search only considered articles published in English and in Chinese. Measuring inconsistency in meta-analyses.

DOC Click here for additional data file. The meta-analyses showed that the prevalence of drug-resistant TB in new cases was However, an important point should be noticed that the prevalence of MDR was as low as 9.

Prevalence of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Mainland China: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Distribution of different patterns of TB drug resistance among previously treated cases in China. Data on most widely used first-line anti-TB drugs i.

The present study will be a priority to consider the prevalence and distribution of drug-resistant TB in mainland China using meta-analysis based on systematic review of leei published between February and March Table S3 shows the meta-analyses on patterns of TB drug resistance in new cases in China. Table S1 Included and excluded articles after full-text evaluation.

XLS Click here for additional data file. The apartment is located inside a closed estatein 1046 1, square meters of garden. Finally, 95 studies, 7 in English and 88 in Chinese, addressing the prevalence of drug-resistant TB in new cases or in previously treated cases were identified, and please refer to Table S1 for more detailed information on study identification.


The included studies should lri drug resistance data of either new cases or previously treated cases, or both. Table S4 Distribution of different patterns of TB drug resistance among previously treated cases in China. Figure S1 shows forest plot of meta-analysis of eli drug resistance. Report of National Baseline Survey of Drug-resistant Tuberculosis — showed that resistance to at least one anti-TB drug any resistance among new cases with smear positive pulmonary TB was The liquid supernatant was stored for further use.

Two bedroom apartment in the urban area of Somo, recently renovated, in a closed property, with 1, meters of garden, and meters from the beach.

In our recent study, a biodegradable nanoscaled coordination polymer AHU-1 with labile metal ligand bonds was synthetized, and possessed high SHG signals. Received 3rd JulyAccepted 28th October We found DST methods also influence the drug resistance rates. The relevant estimates were evaluated for new cases and previously treated cases, respectively, which will provide more detailed information to clearly overview the status of drug-resistant TB in China.

However, these estimates presented high degrees of variability because the study setting were heterogeneous i. Detailed information of the included studies. The prevalence of the drug resistance among previously treated cases might partly reflect the treatment efficacy.

You can hang clothes in the places enabled to the effect, being prohibited to hang it on the balustrades of the terraces.